Aside from pregnancy, there are health risks to keep in mind if you are sexually active. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD’s) and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI’s) are synonymous terms used to describe diseases or infections which spread through sexual contact.
The risk of getting an STD/STI is high regardless of whether your sexual experiences were many, very few or just once. Likewise, sexual diseases or infections do not discriminate by the number of sexual partners you have had.
Whether you’ve had sexual intercourse, genital touching, anal or oral sexual contact—it’s important for you to get tested. In addition, many sexual infections do not have signs or symptoms, increasing the importance of testing.
Here are some of the more common STD/STIs:
- Chlamydia Is a bacterial infection that most often shows no symptoms. It is spread through genital, anal or oral sexual contact with an infected person. It’s treated with antibiotics, and without treatment it can lead to serious health problems.
- Trichomoniasis Is an infection that comes from a parasite. It’s spread through genital sexual contact and usually has no symptoms. It is treated with antibiotics.
- Gonorrhea Is a bacterial infection that has mild or no symptoms. It’s spread through genital, anal, oral sexual contact with an infected person. A pregnant woman with gonorrhea can pass it to her child during childbirth. It’s treated with two different antibiotics, and without treatment it can lead to serious health problems.
- Genital Herpes Is a viral infection with no cure. Some have mild or no symptoms, while others have lesion outbreaks around their genitals, rectum or mouth. It is spread through genital, anal or oral sexual contact with an infected person.
- Syphilis Is a bacterial infection that spreads through genital, anal or oral sexual contact. It is treated with antibiotics, and if left untreated it can cause serious health problems or can even be fatal.
- Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Is a viral infection that causes AIDS. It’s spread through genital and anal sex and sometimes through oral contact with an infected person. There is no cure for HIV and a pregnant woman can pass HIV to her child during pregnancy or breastfeeding.
Your sexual health is important to us. It’s even more so important for you to get tested if you are considering abortion.